Learn QGIS Software
In this tutorial learn How to use QGIS Desktop Software.
Table of Contents
Download QGIS Software
The current version is 3.34.0 ‘Prizren’ has been released. Download QGIS Software.
How to Use QGIS Software
The QGIS GUI (Graphical User Interface) is divided into five components:
The Menu bar provides access to QGIS functions using standard hierarchical menus. All the Menus options are described below.
The Project menu provides access and exit points for project files. It provides tools are:
- Create New project
- Open, Close, and Save project
- Import/Export project
- Export the map canvas- Print Layout
- Set project properties and snapping options
Learn more about Project menu.
The Edit menu provides most of the native tools needed to edit layer attributes or geometry. To enable Edit menu options you need to active editing mode by clicking on Toggle editing button.
It provides tools are:
- Cut, Copy, Paste Features
- Edit Attributes, Geometry
Learn more about Edit menu.
The View is the most impotent menu bar in QGIS for your project. Its provides tools:
- Create new 2D or 3D map views
- Zoom and Pan option
- Manage Bookmarks
- Manage all the Toolbars (Enable/ Disable option)
- Manage all the Panels (Enable/ Disable)
Learn more about View menu.
The Layer menu provides a large set of tools to create new data sources. The provides tools are:
- Create and Add layer (Shspefile)
- Open Attribute table
- Access Georeferencing
Learn more about Layer menu.
Settings menu provide quick access set-up options. You can Manage:
- User profile
- Manage Style
Learn more about Settings menu.
The plugin menu helps to install a new plugin for access new operations. Some important plugins are:
- QGIS Cloud
- Semi-Automatic classification
- QGIS2Web, and more
Learn more about Plugin menu.
Vector menu looks like if all core plugins are enabled, and also provide Geoprocessing and Analysis tools.
- Geoprocessing tools
- Dissolve, and more
- Analysis tools
- Nearest Neighbour
- Basic Statistics, and more
Learn more about Vector menu.
Raster menu allow to perform raster-based GIS tasks,and spatial analysis:
- Contour, etc
Learn more about Raster menu.
To use Database menu, first you will need to enabled database plugins:
- DB Manager
Learn more about Database menu.
Web menu, similar to database menu, first enabled Web-based plugins:
- Qgis2web, and more
Learn more about Web menu.
The Mesh menu manipulate mesh layers.
- Mesh Calculator
Learn more about Mesh menu.
Processing menu allow to open processing Toolbox
Learn more about Processing menu.
Help menu helps you to all the details about QGIS software and tutorial.
Learn more about Help menu.
This menu is only available in macOS and contains some OS related commands.
Panels are special widgets that you can interact with to perform more complex tasks. QGIS provides many panels.
To open panel, go to View menu then hover Panels. Selecting panel options, checking boxes.
The toolbars provide access to most of the functions in the menus.
To open toolbar, go to View menu then hover Toolbars. Selecting toolbar options, checking boxes.
The QGIS Map view or Map canvas is the area to displayed maps in 2D.
To Add a new map, go to View > New Print Layout.
The status bar provides you with general information about the map view and performing task. It resides Bottom position in the QGIS desktop application.
The Georeferencer tool generating reference raster to geographic or projected coordinate systems by creating a new GeoTIff or by adding a world file to the existing image.
Perform Image to Image Georeferencing.
Perform Ground to Image Georeferencing.
Vector Data (Shapefile)
The Vector file or Shapefile is digital forms of maps to create symbology, labeling, diagrams. It also data storage format for storing the location, shape, and attributes of geographic features.
Uses of Attributes Toolbar
Attributes Toolbar use for editing Maps and manipulating Data.
Use Attributes Toolbar.
Layout (Print composer)
The Print Composer provides growing layout and printing capabilities. It allows you to add elements such as the Q-GIS map canvas.
Perform Layout in QGIS.