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Learn QGIS Software

QGIS is a Free and open-source GIS Software to perform GIS application, and analysis of Geo-spatial data.

In this tutorial learn How to use QGIS Desktop Software.

Download QGIS Software

The current version is 3.34.0 ‘Prizren’ has been released. Download QGIS Software.

How to Use QGIS Software

The QGIS GUI (Graphical User Interface) is divided into five components:

  1. Menu Bar
  2. Toolbars
  3. Panels
  4. Map View
  5. Status Bar

Menu Bar

The Menu bar provides access to QGIS functions using standard hierarchical menus. All the Menus options are described below.


The Project menu provides access and exit points for project files. It provides tools are:

  • Create New project
  • Open, Close, and Save project
  • Import/Export project
  • Export the map canvas- Print Layout
  • Set project properties and snapping options

Learn more about Project menu.


The Edit menu provides most of the native tools needed to edit layer attributes or geometry. To enable Edit menu options you need to active editing mode by clicking on Toggle editing button.

It provides tools are:

  • Cut, Copy, Paste Features
  • Edit Attributes, Geometry

Learn more about Edit menu.


The View is the most impotent menu bar in QGIS for your project. Its provides tools:

  • Create new 2D or 3D map views
  • Zoom and Pan option
  • Manage Bookmarks
  • Manage all the Toolbars (Enable/ Disable option)
  • Manage all the Panels (Enable/ Disable)

Learn more about View menu.


The Layer menu provides a large set of tools to create new data sources. The provides tools are:

  • Create and Add layer (Shspefile)
  • Open Attribute table
  • Access Georeferencing

Learn more about Layer menu.


Settings menu provide quick access set-up options. You can Manage:

  • User profile
  • Manage Style

Learn more about Settings menu.


The plugin menu helps to install a new plugin for access new operations. Some important plugins are:

  • Processing
  • QGIS Cloud
  • Semi-Automatic classification
  • QGIS2Web, and more

Learn more about Plugin menu.


Vector menu looks like if all core plugins are enabled, and also provide Geoprocessing and Analysis tools.

  • Geoprocessing tools
    • Buffer
    • Clip
    • Union
    • Dissolve, and more
  • Analysis tools
    • Nearest Neighbour
    • Basic Statistics, and more

Learn more about Vector menu.


Raster menu allow to perform raster-based GIS tasks,and spatial analysis:

  • Slope
  • Aspect
  • Hillshade
  • Contour, etc

Learn more about Raster menu.


To use Database menu, first you will need to enabled database plugins:

  • DB Manager

Learn more about Database menu.


Web menu, similar to database menu, first enabled Web-based plugins:

  • Qgis2threejs
  • Qgis2web, and more

Learn more about Web menu.


The Mesh menu manipulate mesh layers.

  • Mesh Calculator

Learn more about Mesh menu.


Processing menu allow to open processing Toolbox

Learn more about Processing menu.


Help menu helps you to all the details about QGIS software and tutorial.

Learn more about Help menu.


This menu is only available in macOS and contains some OS related commands.


Panels are special widgets that you can interact with to perform more complex tasks. QGIS provides many panels.

To open panel, go to View menu then hover Panels. Selecting panel options, checking boxes.


The toolbars provide access to most of the functions in the menus.

To open toolbar, go to View menu then hover Toolbars. Selecting toolbar options, checking boxes.

Map View

The QGIS Map view or Map canvas is the area to displayed maps in 2D.

To Add a new map, go to View > New Print Layout.

Status Bar

The status bar provides you with general information about the map view and performing task. It resides Bottom position in the QGIS desktop application.

QGIS Tutorial


The Georeferencer tool generating reference raster to geographic or projected coordinate systems by creating a new GeoTIff or by adding a world file to the existing image.

Perform Image to Image Georeferencing.

Perform Ground to Image Georeferencing.

Vector Data (Shapefile)

The Vector file or Shapefile is digital forms of maps to create symbology, labeling, diagrams. It also data storage format for storing the location, shape, and attributes of geographic features.

Create Vector Data or Shapefile.


Digitization is a process of Raster 2 Vector Conversion.

Perform Raster 2 Vector Conversion (screen Digitization).

Uses of Attributes Toolbar

Attributes Toolbar use for editing Maps and manipulating Data.

Use Attributes Toolbar.

Layout (Print composer)

The Print Composer provides growing layout and printing capabilities. It allows you to add elements such as the Q-GIS map canvas.

Perform Layout in QGIS.

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