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Spatial Analysis

What is Spatial Analysis?

Spatial analysis represents the study of Earth surface’s.

The first time you look at a map, you start to analyze the features and relationships presented. You naturally begin compiling various types of information by identifying patterns, determining trends, or making decisions through the analysis. This natural process of looking at and analyzing a map is spatial analysis.

Benefits of Spatial Analysis

Spatial analysis helps you to understand where things are, understand how they relate, and understand what actions to take.

Through the use of spatial analysis, the county can better protect its citizens from health concerns and improve the outcome of the flu outbreak.

Using spatial analysis, they have determined that adding a new warehouse and splitting the town into two service areas will allow them to meet the two-hour delivery window.

It’s also helps the office supply store reduce costs, increase efficiency and productivity, and improve customer service.

Spatial Analysis Categories

Spatial analysis questions can be placed into 6 categories:

  1. Understand where
  2. Measure size, shape, and distribution
  3. Determine how places are related
  4. Find the best locations and paths
  5. Detect and quantify patterns
  6. Make predictions

Spatial Analysis Tools

There are several free and license based tools/ applications available to perform geospatial analysis.

ArcGIS Spatial Analysis

The ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension provides a set of spatial analysis and modeling tools for both Raster and Vector data.

The ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension has over 170 Tools in 23 Toolsets for performing Spatial Analysis in GIS.

Example of Spatial Analysis

Surface Analysis are the biggest example of Spatial analysis in GIS.

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