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Analysis Tools ArcGIS

The ArcGIS Analysis toolbox contains a powerful set of tools that perform the most fundamental GIS operations. You can perform overlays, create extract, calculate statistics, and proximity analysis.

The Analysis toolbox has four toolsets. Each toolset performs specific GIS analysis of feature data.

Analysis Toolset & Tools

ToolsetsDescription
ExtractThe Extract tools let you select features and attributes in a feature class or table based on a query or spatial extraction. The output features and attributes are stored in a feature class or table.
OverlayThe Overlay toolset contains tools to overlay multiple feature classes to combine, erase, modify, or update spatial features, resulting in a new feature class. New information is created when overlaying one set of features with another.
ProximityThe Proximity tools contains tools that are used to determine the proximity of features within one or more feature classes or between two feature classes. These tools can identify features that are closest to one another.
StatisticsThe Statistics tools contains tools that perform standard statistical analysis on attribute data as well as tools that calculate area, length, and count statistics for overlapping and neighboring features.
ArcGIS Analysis Toolset & Tools

Extract Tool

Four types of extraction options available in ArcGIS;

  1. Clip
  2. Select
  3. Split
  4. Table Select

Overlay Tool

There are seven types of overlay operations; all involve joining two existing sets of features into a single set of features to identify spatial relationships between the input features.

  1. Erase
  2. Identity
  3. Intersect
  4. Spatial Join
  5. Symmetrical Difference
  6. Union
  7. Update

Proximity Tool

Proximity analysis determines which pixels of a layer are located at specified distances from pixels in a certain class or classes. There are seven types of proximity tools;

  1. Buffer
  2. Create Thiessen Polygons
  3. Generate Near Table
  4. Multiple Ring Buffer
  5. Near
  6. Point Distance
  7. Polygon Neighbors

Statistics Tool

The Statistics toolset contains three tools that perform standard statistical analysis, such as mean, minimum, maximum, and standard deviation.

  1. Frequency
  2. Summary Statistics
  3. Tabulate Intersection

Analysis Toolbox Licensing

Toolset/ToolBasicStandardAdvanced
Extract Toolset
Clip
Select
Split
Table Select
Overlay Toolset
Erase
Identity
Intersect (Some parameters are limited by license level – see the tool reference page for more detail).
Spatial Join
Symmetrical Difference
Union (Some parameters are limited by license level – see the tool reference page for more detail).
Update
Proximity Toolset
Buffer (Some parameters are limited by license level – see the tool reference page for more detail).
Create Thiessen Polygons
Generate Near Table
Multiple Ring Buffer
Near
Polygon Neighbors
Statistics Toolset
Frequency
Tabulate_Intersection
Summary Statistics

– this symbol incicate to – full license level.

– this symbol incicate to – limited by license level.

ArcGIS Pro Analysis Tools

In the ArcGIS Pro Analysis tools, you can perform overlays, create buffers, calculate statistics, perform proximity analysis, and much more.

ToolsetsDescription
ExtractThe Extract tools let you select features and attributes in a feature class or table based on a query (SQL expression) or spatial and attribute extraction.
OverlayThe Overlay toolset new information is created when overlaying one set of features with another. All of the overlay operations involve joining two sets of features into a single set of features to identify spatial relationships between the input features.
Pairwise OverlayThe Pairwise Overlay toolset contains tools that provide an alternative to a number of classic overlay tools for functional and performance considerations.
ProximityThe Proximity toolset contains tools that are used to determine the proximity of features within one or more feature classes or between two feature classes.
StatisticsThe Statistics toolset also includes the Enrich tool that adds demographic facts like population or landscape facts like percent forested to your data.