A tornado is a violently rotating column of air extending from the base of a thunderstorm down to the ground Torn

Tornadoes are capable of completely destroying well-made structures, uprooting trees, and hurling objects through the air like deadly missiles

Although tornadoes are most common in the Central Plains and the southeastern United States, they have been reported in all 50 states

Tornado Alley is a nickname invented by the media to refer to a broad area of relatively high tornado occurrence in the central United States

The peak “tornado season” for the southern Plains is from May into early June

Tornadoes can also happen at any time of day or night, but most tornadoes occur between 4–9 p.m.

Most tornadoes take on the appearance of a narrow funnel, a few hundred meters across, with a small cloud of debris near the ground

Tornadoes may be obscured completely by rain or dust. These tornadoes are especially dangerous, as even experienced meteorologists might not see them

Tornadoes can have a wide range of colors, depending on the environment in which they form in dry environments can be nearly invisible, marked only by swirling debris at the base of the funnel

Tornadoes emit on the electromagnetic spectrum, with sferics and E-field effects detected. There are observed correlations between tornadoes and patterns of lightning.