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Bands in Remote Sensing

What is a Band in Remote Sensing

In Remote Sensing the bands is a set of data file values for a specific portion of the Electromagnetic spectrum of eflected light or emitted heat. There are several bands including; red, green, blue, near-infrared, thermal infrared, and so far.

The bands of data are occasionally referred to as layers. Once a band is imported into a GIS, it becomes a layer of information which can be processed in various ways. Additional layers can be created and added to the image file.

Bands/Layer in Remote Sensing

Landsat Band Combinations

Landsat 1-5 Bands (MSS)

1-3 Bands4-5 BandsWavelength
[micrometers]
Resolution
[meters]
Band 4Band 10.5-0.660
Band 5Band 20.6-0.760
Band 6Band 30.7-0.860
Band 7Band 40.8-1.160

Landsat 4 and 5 Bands (TM)

BandsWavelength [micrometers]Resolution [meters]
Band 1 – Blue0.45 – 0.5230
Band 2 – Green0.52 – 0.6030
Band 3 – Red0.63 – 0.6930
Band 4 – Near Infrared (NIR)0.76 – 0.9030
Band 5 – SWIR1.55 – 1.7530
Band 6 – Thermal Infrared10.40 – 12.50120
Band 7 – SWIR2.08 – 2.3530

Landsat 7 Bands (ETM+)

BandsWavelength [micrometers]Resolution [meters]
Band 1 – Blue0.45 – 0.5230
Band 2 – Green0.52 – 0.6030
Band 3 – Red0.63 – 0.6930
Band 4 – Near Infrared (NIR)0.77 – 0.9030
Band 5 – SWIR1.57 – 1.7530
Band 6 – Thermal Infrared10.40 – 12.5060
Band 7 – SWIR2.09 – 2.3530
Band 8 – Panchromatic0.52 – 0.9015

Landsat 8 Bands

BandsWavelength [micrometers]Resolution [meters]
Band 1 – Coastal aerosol0.43 – 0.4530
Band 2 – Blue0.45 – 0.5130
Band 3 – Green0.53 – 0.5930
Band 4 – Red0.64 – 0.6730
Band 5 – Near Infrared (NIR)0.85 – 0.8830
Band 6 – SWIR 11.57 – 1.6530
Band 7 – SWIR 22.11 – 2.2930
Band 8 – Panchromatic0.50 – 0.6815
Band 9 – Cirrus1.36 – 1.3830
Band 10 – Thermal Infrared (TIR) 110.60 – 11.19100
Band 11 – Thermal Infrared (TIR) 211.50 – 12.51100

[Note : TM- Thematic Mapper, MSS- Multispectral Scanner, ETM- Enhanced Thematic Mapper, SWIR- Short wave Infrared)

ASTER Band Combinations

BandsWavelength [micrometers]Resolution [meters]
Band 1 – Green0.52 – 0.6015
Band 2 – Red0.63 – 0.6915
Band 3N – Near Infrared (NIR)0.78 – 0.8615
Band 4 – SWIR 11.60 – 1.7030
Band 5 – SWIR 22.145 – 2.18530
Band 6 – SWIR 32.185 – 2.22530
Band 7 – SWIR 42.235 – 2.28530
Band 8 – SWIR 52.295 – 2.36530
Band 9 – SWIR 62.360 – 2.43030
Band 10 – TIR 18.125 – 8.47590
Band 11 – TIR 28.475 – 8.82590
Band 12 – TIR 38.925 – 9.27590
Band 13 – TIR 410.25 – 10.9590
Band 14 – TIR 510.95 – 11.6590

LISS-III Band Combinations

BandsWavelength [micrometers]Resolution [meters]
1, Blue
2, Green0.52 to 0.5923
3, Red0.62 to 0.6823
4, NIR0.77 to 0.8623
5, SWIR1.55 to 1.7070
LISS-III Bands image

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