NDVI Classification ArcGIS

What is NDVI

NDVI stand for Normalized Difference Vegetation Index describes the vegetation density and assessing changes in plant health. NDVI is calculated as a ratio between the red (R) and near-infrared (NIR). In this tutorial learn how to apply the NDVI Formula and calculate vegetation patterns.

NDVI Formula

(NIR – R) / (NIR + R)

NDVI always ranges from -1 to +1.


To visualize the result with a color ramp, click the NDVI button on the Image Analysis window, or you can use the Colormap function with one of the NDVI color ramps.

How to Create NDVI Maps in ArcGIS

1. Click Windows on the main menu, then select Image Analysis.

Image Analysis

2. Image Analysis window is appear, Click the Options button.

3. Now appear Image Analysis Options window, Click the NDVI tab.

Image Analysis Options window- NDVI

4. The Red band and Infrared band dfault value 3 and 4, that is correct. You can also change manually, the inputs for the Red Band- 3 and Infrared Band- 4.

5. Optionally, check Use Wavelength, and also Scientific Output.

[Use Wavelength– option will attempt to identify the correct bands to use if the wavelength information is in the dataset. If not, then the band numbers will be used.]

[Scientific Output– the Band Arithmetic function will output values between -1.0 and 1.0. Whereas, the NDVI function will scale the values to a range of 0–200, which can easily be rendered with a specific color ramp or color map.]

6. Click OK button.

7. Now select your data (ex..-gosaba_19.img), Click the NDVI button.

Perform NDVI
Multiband Raster Image
Multiband Raster Image
NDVI Image

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